controlled substance

What is a Controlled Substance?

As science and technology have evolved, people have endless options to cure or fix an issue they may be facing. There is a pill to help you sleep and another to wake you up. There are plants that fix digestive problems and roots that are said to cure cancer. From caffeine to cocaine, Advil to Adderall, or Metamucil to methamphetamine, substances are all around us and used by the majority of Americans. State and Federal agencies have decided that some of these substances require more oversight than others and those substances are what is considered a “controlled substance.”

There are varying levels of “control” when it comes to controlled substances. These levels are called schedules. There are five schedules of controlled substances and these schedules are based on their medical use, as well as abuse and dependency potential.

Schedule I Controlled Substances are substances without any acceptable medical use in the United States with a high potential for abuse. These drugs are completely outlawed, and include:

  1. Heroin
  2. LSD
  3. Peyote
  4. Methamphetamine

Schedule II Controlled Substances are substances with a high potential for abuse or which may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence. These substances may be obtained with a prescription but they are highly regulated.  These substances include:

  1. OxyContin
  2. Percocet
  3. Adderall
  4. Ritalin

Schedule III Controlled Substances are substances that have lower potential for abuse, but may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence. These substances may be obtained with a prescription. These substances include:

  1. Vicodin
  2. Codeine
  3. Anabolic Steroids

Schedule IV substances have a low potential for abuse and include:

  1. Xanax
  2. Valium
  3. Ativan

Schedule V substances have the lowest potential for abuse and are the least regulated, and are generally regulated based on potency and quantity. One common example of Schedule V is highly-concentrated cough syrup.

Possessing a controlled substance without a prescription is considered a drug offense. Possession is defined as the care, custody, control, or management – not necessarily the ownership – of a controlled substance. Punishment for possession of controlled substances can include a felony conviction and substantial jail time. As such, it is important to understand what controlled substances are to avoid taking them from or hold them for people even if that person has a prescription.

Call a New York Drug Defense Attorney for a Free Consultation Today.

Speaking with a New York Drug Defense Attorney can help you understand what a controlled substance is, what options you have if you have a controlled substance in your possession, and defend you if you are arrested for possession of controlled substance. Stephan Jacob Siegel has represented clients in several thousand matters involving charges, possession, or sale of a controlled substance. Please call a New York criminal defense attorney at the Law Office of Stephan Jacob Siegel today at 718-575-3900 for help.